Virgin Hyperloop Pre Ipo

Virgin hyperloop pre ipo

Not to be confused with Hyperloop Transportation Technologies.

American transportation technology company

Virgin Hyperloop One (formerly Hyperloop Technologies and Hyperloop One) is an Americantransportation technology company that works to commercialize the high-speed technology concept called Hyperloop. The company was established on June 1, 2014 and reorganized and renamed on October 12, 2017.[3] Hyperloop systems are intended to move passengers and/or cargo at airline speeds at a fraction of the cost of air travel.

The concept of Hyperloop transportation was first introduced by Elon Musk on August 12, 2013.[4] The planned route runs from Los Angeles, California to Las Vegas, Nevada.

The original Hyperloop concept is proposed to use a linear electric motor to accelerate and decelerate an electromagnetically levitated pod through a low-pressure tube. The vehicle would glide silently for miles at speeds up to 760 mph (1223.1 km/h) with very low turbulence[5] The system is proposed to be entirely autonomous, quiet, direct-to-destination and on-demand.

Additionally, as Hyperloop is proposed to be built on columns or tunneled underground, this could eliminate the dangers of at-grade crossings and require smaller rights of way than high-speed rail or a highway.[6] Virgin Hyperloop One has made substantive technical changes to Musk's initial proposal and chose not to pursue the Los Angeles–to–San Francisco notional route that Musk envisioned in his 2013 alpha-design white paper.

The company had raised $295 million on December 18, 2017[7] and demonstrated a form of propulsion technology on May 11, 2016 at its test site in North Las Vegas.[8] Hyperloop One has completed a 500-meter Development Loop (DevLoop)[9] and on May 12, 2017, held its first full-scale Hyperloop test.

The test combined Hyperloop components including vacuum, propulsion, levitation, sled, control systems, tube and structures.[10] As of May 2019, the company had raised $400 million.[11]

Its publicly stated goal is to provide a fully operational Hyperloop system by 2020 or 2021.[12]

History[edit]

The idea for Hyperloop One emerged from a conversation between Elon Musk and Iranian American Silicon Valley investor Shervin Pishevar when they were flying together to Cuba on a humanitarian mission in January 2012.

Pishevar asked Musk to elaborate on his Hyperloop idea, which the industrialist had been mulling over for some time. Pishevar suggested using it for cargo, an idea Musk hadn’t considered, but he did say he was considering open-sourcing the concept because he was too busy running SpaceX and Tesla. Pishevar pushed Musk to publish his ideas about the Hyperloop, so that Pishevar could study them.[13]

On August 12, 2013, Musk released the Hyperloop Alpha white paper,[14] generating widespread attention and enthusiasm.

In the months that followed Pishevar incorporated Hyperloop Technologies, which would later be renamed Hyperloop One, and recruited the first board members, including David O.

Sacks, Jim Messina and Joe Lonsdale. Pishevar also recruited a cofounder, a former SpaceX engineer named Brogan Bambrogan. Hyperloop Technologies set up shop in Bambrogan’s garage in Los Angeles in November 2014.

Virgin hyperloop pre ipo

By January 2015, Hyperloop Tech had raised $9 million in venture capital from Pishevar's Sherpa Capital and investors such as Formation 8 and Zhen Fund, and was able to move into its current campus in the Los Angeles Arts District. Forbes magazine put Hyperloop Tech on its February 2015 cover, landing the startup lots of fresh recruits and new investor interest.

In June 2015, Pishevar recruited former Cisco president Rob Lloyd as an investor and, eventually, the company's CEO.[15][16]

Between June 2015 and December 2015, the company continued to hire engineers and expand its downtown campus (now up to 75,000 square feet). In December 2015, the renamed Hyperloop One announced it would hold an open-air propulsion test at a new Test and Safety Site in Nevada.

At the time, the company disclosed it had raised $37 million in financing to date and was completing a Series B round of $80m,[17] which they closed on in May 2016.[18] In October 2016, Hyperloop One announced that it had raised another $50 million, led by an investment from DP World.[19]

The propulsion open-air test or POAT, was successfully held in North Las Vegas on May 11, 2016.

The POAT sled accelerated to 134 mph (216 km/h) in 2.3 seconds, representing a crucial proof of concept.[20] At the time Hyperloop One announced it had secured partnerships with global engineering and design firms such as AECOM, SYSTRA, Arup, Deutsche Bahn, General Electric, and Bjarke Ingels.[18]

On July 28, 2016, Hyperloop One opened a 100,000 sq ft (9,300 m2) tooling and machine shop called Metalworks in North Las Vegas, where it fabricates the parts for its nearby test track, called Devloop.[21][22]

On November 10, 2016, Hyperloop One released its first system designs in collaboration with the Bjarke Ingels Group.[23]

On May 12, 2017, Hyperloop One tested a full-scale Hyperloop.

The system-wide test integrated Hyperloop components including vacuum, propulsion, levitation, sled, control systems, tube, and structures.[10]

On July 12, 2017, the company revealed images of its first generation pod prototype to be used at the DevLoop test site in Nevada to test aerodynamics.[24] On August 2, 2017, Hyperloop One successfully tested its XP-1 passenger pod, reaching speeds of up to 192 mph (309 km/h).

Virgin hyperloop pre ipo

It traveled for just over 980 ft (300 m) before the brakes kicked in and it rolled to a stop.[25]

On October 12, 2017, Hyperloop One and the Virgin Group announced that it developed a strategic investment partnership, resulting in Richard Branson joining the board of directors. The global strategic partnership will focus on passenger and mixed-use cargo service in addition to the creation of a new passenger division.[26] Subsequently, Hyperloop One was renamed Virgin Hyperloop One, and Branson became the chairman of the board of directors.[3]

On July 19, 2018, an Ohio regional planning commission was investigating concepts of using Hyperloop between airports and potentially between regional cities such as Chicago, Columbus and Pittsburgh.[27]

In October 2019, Virgin Hyperloop One announced it will begin the construction of a facility in North Texas.[28] The Hyperloop routes in Texas plan to take travelers from Dallas-Fort Worth to Laredo in about 45 minutes, Dallas-Fort Worth to Austin in about 17 minutes, and Dallas-Fort Worth to San Antonio in about 25 minutes.[29]

Passenger pods[edit]

XP-1[edit]

After Hyperloop One began the construction of 500-metre (1,600 ft) DevLoop in October 2016, the company successfully conducted the first full-system test using the levitating chassis without passenger pod on May 12, 2017.

The next phase of the test would involve a passenger pod.[30] The company designed and built its first generation passenger pod name XP-1 (short for experimental pod one) to be used in the full-scale pod tests.[31][32]

XP-1 has the length of 8.7 metres (29 ft), the width of 2.4 metres (7.9 ft), and the height of 2.4 metres (7.9 ft).

The pod's motor was evolved from 500 motors that were built and tested in order to operate with resiliency in near-vacuum environment.[25] The pod was successfully tested for the first time on July 29, 2017 with the 300 metres (980 ft) of acceleration to reach the recorded speeds of 310 kilometres per hour (190 mph). The pod achieved 3,151 horsepower during the test inside the depressurized tube with conditions similar to the atmosphere at 200,000 feet (61 km) above sea level.[31]

  • Experimental pod one (XP-1)
  • Seams of carbon fiber shell

  • Profile at the center rail

  • Levitating chassis at the bottom inside the shell

The XP-1 speed record was broken in August 2017 by WARR Hyperloop during the second Hyperloop Pod Competition with the top speeds of 324 kilometres per hour (201 mph).[33] However, the pods in the competition were small and would not be large enough to carry passengers.[34] XP-1 set the world's speed record again during the test in December 2017 that reached 387 kilometres per hour (240 mph).

With that test, the company also demonstrated its airlock technology that allowed the pod to be transferred into the depressurized tube.[35] With this system, XP-1 pod can be put in an airlock which takes a few minutes to depressurize before entering the already depressurized tube. Otherwise, the pod would need to enter the tube and wait for the 4-hour depressurization of the entire test tube.[36] In 2018, WARR Hyperloop broke XP-1 record again in the third Hyperloop Pod Competition.[34]

In the summer of 2019, the company brought XP-1 to a roadshow to Ohio, Texas, Kansas, New York, Missouri, North Carolina, and Washington, D.C.[37][38]

Funding[edit]

Hyperloop One has raised around $400 million as of May 2019.[11] Its investors include Sherpa Capital, Formation 8, 137 Ventures,[39]DP World,[40]Khosla Ventures,[39] Caspian Venture Capital, Fast Digital,[39] Western Technology Investment,[39] Zhen Fund, GE Ventures,[39] and SNCF.[39]

On October 16, 2018, the Financial Times reported that Saudi Arabia walked away from a planned US$1 billion investment in Hyperloop and other Virgin companies.[41]

Management[edit]

The CEO of Hyperloop One is Jay Walder, former CEO of Motivate.[42] The co-founder and President of Engineering is Josh Giegel.

Forex auto trade pin bar

As of July 2018[update], the board of directors include Richard Branson (Chairman), Justin Fishner-Wolfson, Sultan Ahmed Bin Sulayem, Rob Lloyd, Josh Giegel, Bill Shor, Yuvraj Narayan, Anatoly Braverman, and Emily White as a strategic adviser.[43] Former board members include Peter Diamandis, Jim Messina who as of July 2018[43] serves as strategic adviser, former Morgan Stanley executive Jim Rosenthal, Joe Lonsdale, the co-founder Shervin Pishevar,[44] who took a leave of absence from Hyperloop One in December 2017 after multiple women accused him of sexual misconduct,[45][46][47][48] and Ziyavudin Magomedov, a Russian billionaire who was arrested on embezzlement charges in 2018.[49]

On November 8, 2018, Richard Branson was replaced as chairman by Sultan Ahmed bin Sulayem.[50]

Planned cooperation[edit]

In June 2016 the company announced a memorandum of understanding with the Summa Group and the Russian Government to construct a Hyperloop in Moscow and has since completed two feasibility studies – one in Moscow and one in the Far East.[51]

In August 2016, Hyperloop One announced a deal with the world's third largest ports operator, DP World, to develop a cargo offloader system at DP World's flagship port of Jebel Ali in Dubai.[52]

On November 8, 2016, Hyperloop One announced it had signed a deal with Dubai’s Roads and Transport Authority (RTA) to conduct a number of feasibility studies on potential passenger and cargo Hyperloop routes in the United Arab Emirates.[23]

By April 2017, Hyperloop One had feasibility studies underway in the United Arab Emirates, Finland and Sweden, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Moscow, and the UK.[53]

On September 1, 2017, Hyperloop signed a letter of intent with Estonia to cooperate on the Helsinki to Tallinn Tunnel.[54]

In February 2018, the Virgin Group signed an "intent agreement" with the government of the Maharashtra state of India to build a hyperloop transportation system between Mumbai and Pune.[55]

In June 2019, Hyperloop One announced an ongoing collaboration with the Sam Fox School of Washington University in St.

Louis to explore proposals for the Missouri Hyperloop.[56][57]

Hyperloop One Global Challenge[edit]

In 2016, Hyperloop One launched its Hyperloop One Global Challenge to find the locations for, and develop and construct, the world’s first Hyperloop networks.[58] In January 2017, Hyperloop One announced the 35 semifinalist routes (spread over 17 countries) in the Hyperloop One Global Challenge.[59] Hyperloop One held a series of events showcasing the semifinalists, Vision for India in February,[60] Vision for America in April[61] and Vision for Europe in June.[62] On September 14, 2017, Hyperloop One announced the 10 winners for the Hyperloop One Global Challenge.

Virgin hyperloop pre ipo

The Hyperloop One Global Challenge was judged by an international panel of consisting of five judges: Peter Diamandis, Bassam Mansour, Ulla Tapaninen, Clive Burrows, and Alan Berger.[63] The countries with teams that won include the US, UK, Canada, Mexico, and India. The winners were to be invited to work closely with Hyperloop One on viability studies to try and bring their respective loops from proposal to reality.[64]

The ten winning routes that were selected are:[65]

Lawsuits[edit]

In July 2016, the CTO and co-founder Brogan BamBrogan left the company,[66] later filing a lawsuit with three other former employees alleging breach of fiduciary duty and misuse of corporate resources.[67] On July 19, 2016, Hyperloop One filed a countersuit against the four former employees, alleging they staged a failed coup of the company, in the process breaching agreements around fiduciary duty, non-competes, proprietary information and non-disparagement, as well as intentional interference with contractual relations.[68] On November 18, 2016, both parties agreed to settle the lawsuit.

Terms were confidential and not disclosed.[69] BamBrogan and other former Hyperloop One and SpaceX employees went on to found Arrivo, a now defunct hyperloop company.[70]

References[edit]

  1. ^"Fact Sheet And FAQ".

    JOIN OUR TEAM

    hyperloop | one. Archived from the original on September 22, 2017. Retrieved September 22, 2017.

  2. ^Lloyd, Robert. "Hyperloop One CEO Says 'We Can Do This in the U.S.'". YouTube. Bloomberg Technology. Archived from the original on August 16, 2017. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  3. ^ ab"New Chairman, New Funding, & New Speed Records".

    Hyperloop One. Archived from the original on December 22, 2017. Retrieved May 5, 2018.

  4. ^"Hyperloop". SpaceX. Space Exploration Technologies. Archived from the original on September 10, 2017. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  5. ^Opgenoord, Max M.

    J. "On the Aerodynamic Design of the Hyperloop Concept"(PDF). web.mit.edu.

  6. ^"Hyperloop One web site". Archived from the original on August 20, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  7. ^https://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/2017/12/18/richard-branson-takes-hyperloop-wheel-after-pishevar-exits-under-cloud/963223001/
  8. ^"Hyperloop Futuristic Transportation System Has Its 1st Public Demo".

    NPR. May 11, 2016. Archived from the original on July 24, 2018. Retrieved April 5, 2018.

  9. ^"Photos: Hyperloop One Shows Off 'DevLoop' Test Tube in Nevada". Inverse. March 7, 2017. Archived from the original on July 30, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
  10. ^ ab"Hyperloop's first real test is a whooshing success".

    Virgin Hyperloop One

    Wired. July 12, 2017. Archived from the original on July 14, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2017.

  11. ^ abMotavalli, Jim. "Virgin Hyperloop One's $400 Million Bid to Supercharge Transportation".

    www.barrons.com. Retrieved June 5, 2019.

  12. ^"Co-founders of Hyperloop One on their first successful full-scale test run".

    CBS News. July 12, 2017. Archived from the original on July 12, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2017.

  13. ^"Hyperloop Is Real: Meet The Startups Selling Supersonic Travel". Forbes. February 11, 2015. Archived from the original on November 14, 2016. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  14. ^"Archived copy"(PDF). Archived(PDF) from the original on August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 13, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^"Hyperloop Is Real: Meet The Startups Selling Supersonic Travel".

    US: Forbes. February 11, 2015. Archived from the original on November 14, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2016.

  16. ^Singleton, Micah (February 11, 2015).

    "Hyperloop Technologies is trying to make Elon Musk's dream a reality". The Verge. US. Archived from the original on December 10, 2015. Retrieved October 25, 2015.

  17. ^"Hyperloop Technologies Inc. Announces Land Deal For Propulsion Open Air Test in North Las Vegas, Nevada". Business Wire. Archived from the original on November 16, 2016.

    Retrieved November 15, 2016.

  18. ^ abWalker, Alissa (May 10, 2016). "Here's What the First Full-Scale Test of the Hyperloop Will Look Like [Updated]". Gizmodo. US: Gawker Media. Archived from the original on May 11, 2016. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
  19. ^"Hyperloop One wins backing from DP World". Archived from the original on November 15, 2016. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
  20. ^"0 to 400 mph in mere seconds: Welcome to the age of hyperloop".

    USA Today. May 11, 2016. Archived from the original on July 21, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2017.

  21. ^Davis, Matthew (July 28, 2016). "Hyperloop One has begun producing parts for a full-scale prototype". The Verge. US. Archived from the original on July 29, 2016.

    Retrieved July 30, 2016.

  22. ^"Hyperloop One: images of the first Hyperloop full scale test track released". Electrek.co. March 7, 2017. Archived from the original on March 8, 2017. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
  23. ^ ab"Hyperloop One releases "comprehensive concept design" for high-speed rail in Dubai".

    Ars Technica. Archived from the original on March 20, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.

  24. ^Walker, Alissa (July 12, 2017). "Hyperloop One reveals full-size prototype of its shiny new pod design".

    Curbed.

    Virgin Hyperloop One: Full Speed Ahead

    Archived from the original on July 16, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2017.

  25. ^ ab"Hyperloop One's passenger pod takes its first ride". Engadget. Archived from the original on August 2, 2017.

    Can you trade forex on your phone

    Retrieved August 3, 2017.

  26. ^"Hyperloop One Is Now 'Virgin Hyperloop One' Thanks to Richard Branson's Investment". Fortune.

    Virgin Hyperloop One Roadshow: Missouri

    October 12, 2017. Archived from the original on October 13, 2017.

    Access the new private market

    Retrieved October 13, 2017.

  27. ^Ferenchik, Mark (July 19, 2018). "Regional planners pitch 13-mile test of Virgin Hyperloop". ColumbusDispatch. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  28. ^Eric Henrikson. "A 17-minute trip from Austin to Dallas sounds great, but is the hyperloop hype real?".

    KXAN. Retrieved October 17, 2019.

  29. ^Eric Alvarez.

    Reviews van arbeidsvoorwaarden voor werknemers

    "Austin to Dallas in 17 minutes? Virgin Hyperloop brings back the hype".

    Best crypto trading education

    Austin Business Journal. Retrieved October 17, 2019.

  30. ^O'Kane, Sean; Hawkins, Andrew J. (July 12, 2017). "Hyperloop One had its first full-system test of ultrafast transportation system". The Verge. Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  31. ^ abEtherington, Darrell (August 2, 2017).

    Virgin hyperloop pre ipo

    "Hyperloop One's full-scale pod reaches 192 mph in new Nevada track test". TechCrunch.

    Virgin hyperloop pre ipo

    Retrieved September 28, 2019.

  32. ^Ghose, Carrie (August 6, 2019). "Hyperloop One CEO: Public-private partnerships key to who gets 1st route". Columbus Business First. Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  33. ^Toor, Amar (August 28, 2017). "German students win Hyperloop Pod competition after reaching 200 mph".

    Explore our marketplace

    The Verge. Retrieved September 28, 2019.

  34. ^ abBrown, Mike (August 5, 2019). "Hyperloop: Here's Why We Haven't Hit 700 MPH". Inverse. Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  35. ^Hawkins, Andrew J. (December 19, 2017). "The hyperloop has a new world speed record: 240 mph". The Verge. Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  36. ^Goodwin, Antuan (January 11, 2018). "Hyperloop One's Devloop: Get a glimpse at transportation's future".

    CNET.

    invest in companies before IPO

    Retrieved September 28, 2019.

  37. ^Akers, Mick (July 30, 2019). "Virgin Hyperloop One test pod hitting the road on 3-city tour". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  38. ^"Five New Stops Added to Virgin Hyperloop One U.S.

    Roadshow". Virgin Hyperloop One. September 23, 2019. Retrieved September 28, 2019.

  39. ^ abcdefTilley, Aaron (May 11, 2016).

    "Hyperloop One Announces Key Partnerships, $80 Million Investment As It Prepares First Public Test". Forbes. Archived from the original on October 13, 2017. Retrieved August 31, 2017.

  40. ^"The Little Engine That Might? Hyperloop One Boosts Funding; Names Ex-Uber CFO As Adviser". Forbes. Archived from the original on November 15, 2016. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  41. ^Kerr, Simeon (October 16, 2018).

    Virgin Hyperloop One Stock

    "Saudi Arabia 'pulls' planned deal with Hyperloop". Financial Times. Retrieved October 22, 2018.

  42. ^https://www.businessinsider.sg/virgin-hyperloop-one-hires-jay-walder-former-ceo-mta-motivate-2018-11/
  43. ^ ab"Team".

    US: Hyperloop One. Archived from the original on July 30, 2018.

  44. ^"Team". US: Hyperloop One. Archived from the original on July 10, 2017.
  45. ^Dickey, Megan Rose. "Shervin Pishevar takes immediate leave of absence from Hyperloop One and Sherpa Capital". TechCrunch
Virgin Hyperloop One XP-1 pod on display
Hyperloop Technologies logo (2014–2016)
Hyperloop One logo (2016–2017)